Early years[ edit ] Manchester Guardian Prospectus, The Manchester Guardian was founded in Manchester in by cotton merchant John Edward Taylor with backing from the Little Circle , a group of non-conformist businessmen. They do not toil, neither do they spin, but they live better than those that do. Of the Ten Hours Bill, the paper doubted whether in view of the foreign competition "the passing of a law positively enacting a gradual destruction of the cotton manufacture in this kingdom would be a much less rational procedure.
Scott[ edit ] C. Scott made the newspaper nationally recognised. He was editor for 57 years from , and became its owner when he bought the paper from the estate of Taylor's son in Under Scott, the paper's moderate editorial line became more radical, supporting William Gladstone when the Liberals split in , and opposing the Second Boer War against popular opinion. Synge and his friend Jack Yeats to produce articles and drawings documenting the social conditions of the west of Ireland pre-First World War , and these pieces were published in in the collection Travels in Wicklow, West Kerry and Connemara.
In June ownership of the paper passed to the Scott Trust named after the last owner, John Russell Scott, who was the first chairman of the Trust. This move ensured the paper's independence.
George Orwell writes in Homage to Catalonia: Post-war[ edit ] The paper's then editor, A. Wadsworth , so loathed Labour's left-wing champion Aneurin Bevan , who had made a reference to getting rid of "Tory Vermin" in a speech "and the hate-gospellers of his entourage" that it encouraged readers to vote Conservative and remove Attlee 's post-war Labour government.
It pours petrol on a growing fire. There is no knowing what kind of explosion will follow. This change reflected the growing prominence of national and international affairs in the newspaper. They knew that stone throwing and sniping could not be prevented, and that the IRA might use the crowd as a shield. In the existing Irish situation, most regrettably, it is also inevitable To remove the ringleaders, in the hope that the atmosphere might calm down, is a step to which there is no obvious alternative.
British soldiers could "present a more disinterested face of law and order,"  but only on condition that "Britain takes charge. The paper eventually complied with a court order to hand over the documents to the authorities, which resulted in a six-month prison sentence for Tisdall,  though she served only four.
The emergence yesterday of a potential hostage problem of vast dimensions only emphasised that this is far too complex a crisis for gunboat diplomacy. Loose talk of 'carpet bombing' Baghdad should be put back in the bottle of theoretical but unacceptable scenarios. An evil regime in Iraq instituted an evil and brutal invasion. Our soldiers and airmen are there, at UN behest, to set that evil to rights.
Their duties are clear. Let the momentum, and the resolution, be swift. While Gott denied that he received cash, he admitted he had had lunch at the Soviet Embassy and had taken benefits from the KGB on overseas visits. Gott resigned from his post. It was deemed highly susceptible to penetration. Aitken publicly stated that he would fight with "the simple sword of truth and the trusty shield of British fair play".
The Guardian stated that "the only honourable course for Europe and America is to use military force". But to save civilians, we must get in some soldiers too.
According to the paper, it did not know that Aslam was a member of Hizb ut-Tahrir when he applied to become a trainee, though several staff members were informed of this once he started at the paper. The Guardian asked Aslam to resign his membership of the group and, when he did not do so, terminated his employment. The Economist 's Intelligent Life magazine opined that This is above all the case with the Guardian and The Independent ". The EU said the report, dated February , was not published because it was insubstantial in its current state and lacking sufficient evidence.
Elliott noted that, over nine months, he upheld complaints regarding language in certain articles that were seen as anti-Semitic, revising the language and footnoting this change. In response, the UN security council issued resolution , censuring the "change in character and status of the Holy City of Jerusalem" and calling on all member states with diplomatic missions in the city to withdraw.
The UN has reaffirmed this position on several occasions, and almost every country now has its embassy in Tel Aviv. While it was therefore right to issue a correction to make clear Israel's designation of Jerusalem as its capital is not recognised by the international community, we accept that it is wrong to state that Tel Aviv — the country's financial and diplomatic centre — is the capital.
The style guide has been amended accordingly. Now it's Hamas' turn. The company hired former American Prospect editor, New York magazine columnist and New York Review of Books writer Michael Tomasky to head the project and hire a staff of American reporters and web editors. The site featured news from The Guardian that was relevant to an American audience: He retained his position as a columnist and blogger, taking the title editor-at-large.
The move came as Guardian News and Media opted to reconsider its US strategy amid a huge effort to cut costs across the company. Legal obstacles, which cannot be identified, involve proceedings, which cannot be mentioned, on behalf of a client who must remain secret. The only fact the Guardian can report is that the case involves the London solicitors Carter-Ruck. All the aforementioned were owned by The Scott Trust , a charitable foundation existing between and , which aimed to ensure the paper's editorial independence in perpetuity, maintaining its financial health to ensure it did not become vulnerable to take overs by for-profit media groups.
At the beginning of October , the Scott Trust's assets were transferred to a new limited company, The Scott Trust Limited, with the intention being that the original trust would be wound up.
The Guardian's headquarters in London The Guardian's ownership by the Scott Trust is probably a factor in its being the only British national daily to conduct since an annual social, ethical and environmental audit in which it examines, under the scrutiny of an independent external auditor, its own behaviour as a company. The continual losses made by the National Newspaper division of the Guardian Media Group caused it to dispose of its Regional Media division by selling titles to competitor Trinity Mirror in March This included the flagship Manchester Evening News , and severed the historic link between that paper and The Guardian.
The sale was in order to safeguard the future of The Guardian newspaper as is the intended purpose of the Scott Trust. It was also speculated that The Guardian might become the first British national daily paper to be fully online.
In the first year, the paper made more losses than predicted, and in January the publishers announced, that The Guardian will cut 20 per cent of staff and costs within the next three years.
Website readers can pay a monthly subscription, with three tiers available. Scott's son Ted, "a paper that will remain bourgeois to the last". The Scott Trust describes one of its "core purposes" to be "to secure the financial and editorial independence of the Guardian in perpetuity: The paper was enthusiastic in its support for Tony Blair in his successful bid to lead the Labour Party,  and to be elected Prime Minister.
But if we want a lasting peace it may be the only option. She also said that "you can be absolutely certain that come the next general election, The Guardian's stance will not be dictated by the editor, still less any foreign proprietor it helps that there isn't one but will be the result of vigorous debate within the paper".
Since an editorial in , The Guardian has favoured abolition of the British monarchy. In the run-up to the general election , following a meeting of the editorial staff,  the paper declared its support for the Liberal Democrats, due in particular, to the party's stance on electoral reform. The paper suggested tactical voting to prevent a Conservative victory, given Britain's first-past-the-post electoral system.
The paper argued that Britain needed a new direction and Labour "speaks with more urgency than its rivals on social justice, standing up to predatory capitalism, on investment for growth, on reforming and strengthening the public realm, Britain's place in Europe and international development".
Toffs, including royal ones, Christians, especially popes, governments of Israel, and US Republicans are more straightforward targets. Security researchers also criticised the story, including Moxie Marlinspike who called it "false". Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. March Learn how and when to remove this template message The Guardian's Newsroom visitor centre and archive No 60 , with an old sign with the name The Manchester Guardian The first edition was published on 5 May ,  at which time The Guardian was a weekly, published on Saturdays and costing 7 d ; the stamp duty on newspapers 4d per sheet forced the price up so high that it was uneconomic to publish more frequently.
When the stamp duty was cut in , The Guardian added a Wednesday edition and with the abolition of the tax in it became a daily paper costing 2d. In October , the paper took the step of printing news on the front page, replacing the adverts that had hitherto filled that space. The financial position remained extremely poor into the s; at one time it was in merger talks with The Times.
The paper consolidated its centre-left stance during the s and s. It was both shocked and revitalised by the launch of The Independent in which competed for a similar readership and provoked the entire broadsheet industry into a fight for circulation.
Front page of The Guardian from , showing the old design of the paper when in broadsheet format. This design was used from to On 12 February , The Guardian had a significant redesign; as well as improving the quality of its printers' ink, it also changed its masthead to a juxtaposition of an italic Garamond "The", with a bold Helvetica "Guardian", that remained in use until the redesign. In , The Guardian relaunched its features section as G2, a tabloid-format supplement.
This innovation was widely copied by the other "quality" broadsheets and ultimately led to the rise of "compact" papers and The Guardian's move to the Berliner format. In the paper declined to participate in the broadsheet price war started by Rupert Murdoch 's The Times. In June , The Guardian bought The Observer from Lonrho , thus gaining a serious Sunday sister newspaper with similar political views. Its international weekly edition is now titled The Guardian Weekly, though it retained the title Manchester Guardian Weekly for some years after the home edition had moved to London.
It includes sections from a number of other internationally significant newspapers of a somewhat left-of-centre inclination, including Le Monde and The Washington Post.
The Guardian Weekly was also linked to a website for expatriates, Guardian Abroad, which was launched in but had been taken offline by Moving to the Berliner paper format[ edit ] Front page of the 6th June edition in the Berliner format. The Guardian is printed in full colour,  and was the first newspaper in the UK to use the Berliner format for its main section, while producing sections and supplements in a range of page sizes including tabloid, approximately A4, and pocket-size approximately A5.
In , The Guardian announced plans to change to a Berliner or " midi " format, similar to that used by Die Tageszeitung in Germany, Le Monde in France and many other European papers. Planned for the autumn of , this change followed moves by The Independent and The Times to start publishing in tabloid or compact format. On Thursday, 1 September , The Guardian announced that it would launch the new format on Monday 12 September The advantage The Guardian saw in the Berliner format was that, though it is only a little wider than a tabloid, and is equally easy to read on public transport, its greater height gives more flexibility in page design.
The new presses mean that printing can go across the strip down the middle of the centre page, known as the "gutter", allowing the paper to print striking double-page pictures. The new presses also made it the first UK national paper to print in full colour on every page. The format switch was accompanied by a comprehensive redesign of the paper's look. Designed by Mark Porter , the new look includes a new masthead.