Etymology[ edit ] One suggestion is that the phrase "going Dutch" originates from the concept of a Dutch door , with an upper and lower half that can be opened independently.
The Oxford English Dictionary connects "go Dutch" and "Dutch treat" to other phrases which have "an opprobrious or derisive application, largely due to the rivalry and enmity between the English and Dutch in the 17th century", the period of the Anglo-Dutch Wars. Another example is " Dutch courage ".
Another possible origin is double Dutch , the jump-rope variation in which partners simultaneously participate. A folk etymology is that the "Dutch" reference derives from Dutch Schultz ,[ citation needed ] a New York gangster of the late s to mids, who may have used dutching to profit from gambling on horseracing, though his nickname derives from Deutsch 'German' , in reference to his German-Jewish background. Europe[ edit ] In the Netherlands , going Dutch is not referred to as "going Dutch".
In Austria , Denmark , Finland , Germany , Iceland , Norway , Sweden , and Switzerland , the practice of splitting the bill in restaurants is common, though often everybody pays for themselves.
In a courtship situation where both parties have a similar financial standing, the traditional custom is that the man always pays, though some, including etiquette authorities,  consider it old fashioned. Sometimes a romantic couple will take turns paying the bill or split it. In several southern European countries, such as Italy , Spain , Portugal , Greece or Cyprus , it is rather uncommon for most locals to have separate bills, and is sometimes even regarded as rude, especially when in larger groups.
But in urban areas or places frequented by tourists this has changed over the last decades. In Catalonia "going Dutch" is the rule among Catalans. This is referred to in the Spanish language as pagar a la catalana 'to pay as the Catalans [do]', 'to pay Catalan-style'. In some parts of Italy especially the south , the expression pagare alla romana can be translated as 'to pay like people of Rome ' or 'to pay Roman-style' in reference to modern, urban Rome, not ancient Rome.
It has a double and opposite meaning, depending on the tradition followed: This can lead to misunderstanding. For romantic dates, the traditional practice is that the man pays.
In a business meeting, the hosting party usually pays for all — it is considered rude not to do so. North America[ edit ] In North America, the practice of "going Dutch" is often related to specific situations or events. During meals such as birthdays, first-dates or company business lunches, an expectation develops based on social traditions, personal income, and the strength of relationship between the parties .
Moreover, the increase in prevalence for mobile sharing payment platforms such as Venmo or Zelle has resulted in a cultural rethinking of meal payments. Middle East and Near East[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message In Middle Eastern cultures, asking to "go Dutch" is seen as extremely rude.
Traditions of hospitality play a great part in determining who pays, therefore an invitation will be given only when the host feels that he or she is able to afford the expenses of all. Similarly, gender roles and age play a more important role than they would in Western societies. In Egypt , it is called Englizy, meaning 'English-style'. Another similar expression is sherke halabieh meaning 'sharing the Aleppo way' , which bears a similar connotation. Splitting the bill is becoming increasingly common among the younger generation, especially when all parties have similar income levels.
This section does not cite any sources. January Learn how and when to remove this template message In India , Pakistan , Bangladesh , Afghanistan , and Iran , it is even considered taboo to ask people to pay their own bills. The bills are generally paid by the elder of a group, the male in a couple, the local of the area, or by the one who made the invitation if there is no significant age gap.
Invitations are only given if someone understands that they can pay for all of the guests. In Pakistan , going Dutch is sometimes referred to as the "American system".
This practice is more prevalent among the younger age group, friends, colleagues and some family members to request separate bills.. In Urdu , the practice is called apna apna, which means 'each his own'. In a group, going Dutch generally means splitting the bill equally.
Though with changing times, customs among the new generation has changed and "going Dutch" is a completely accepted practice in most of urban India. It is most common among friends, colleagues and couples to split the bill or request separate bills. In Mumbai , it is commonly called TTMM, for tu tera main mera, literally meaning 'you for yours and me for mine'.
It's also not unacceptable to pay for elders among the group if the invitation has been extended by some one younger say a niece taking her aunts and uncles out for dinner. In North Korea , where rigid social systems are still in place, it is most common for the person of the highest social standing, such as a boss or an elder figure, to pay the bill.
This not only applies in a 1 to 1 situation but also in groups. Among the younger generation, it is quite common for friends to alternate when paying the bill, or for one to pay for dinner and another to pay for drinks. For romantic dates, men usually pay. In People's Republic of China , where traditional culture still plays an important role, the bills are generally paid in groups by the person of the highest social standing, such as a boss or an elder figure, the male in a group, the local of the area, or by the one who made the invitation.
For a 1 to 1 situation, the younger one except for students or people with limited income pays for the elder one to show respect. It is considered rude and less friendly to split the bill. It is very common for a group of friends or colleagues to take turns paying the bill. Men always pay for romantic dates to show generosity and responsibility as a man. It is most common among groups of strangers or sometimes younger generations to split the bill.
In Indonesia , the term is BSS and BMM, as acronym for bayar sendiri-sendiri and bayar masing-masing, and which both means 'pay for yourself'. This term commonly used only in less formal setting among friends. In a more formal setting the commonly accepted convention is person with higher social standing to take the payments.
Among equal members of group it is consider polite to offer payments for all the meals and drinks in which the other party have the opportunity to refuse or accept out of respect for the other party.
In India there are many names for the practice, in different languages: These all generally translate to 'you pay yours and I pay mine', though in practice it refers to splitting the bill equally. Since the concept of freely dating is comparatively new in India — a culture with a long history of arranged marriage — going Dutch is primarily not applied to dating but to outings among friends and colleagues.
When the expression going Dutch is used, it. In the Philippines , it is referred to as KKB, an acronym for kanya-kanyang bayad which means 'pay for your own self'. KKB would generally be the norm among friends or people of similar financial standing.
As in most Asian countries, the person footing the bill is generally dictated by gender roles or their standing in the community or work. It is still general practice to have the male answer the bill especially during courtship or when in romantic relationships.
Latin and South America[ edit ] This section does not cite any sources. January Learn how and when to remove this template message Some Latin American countries use the Spanish phrase pagar a la americana literally 'to pay American-style' which refers to a trait attributed to people from the United States or Canada. In Argentina specifically, a la romana, 'Roman-style' from Italian pagare alla romana, 'pay Roman-style' is used occasionally, while pagar a la americana 'pay American-style' is the most common way of expressing this idea.
In Chile , the phrase used is hacer una vaca 'to make a cow' which means that each participant pays into a common pool to either pay the bill afterwards, or beforehand, when buying for a meeting or party at a home.
In this case, a person is designated as the "bank" the one who collects the money. This system is used either when planning the things to buy for a party, or when paying the bill in a restaurant or pub.
It still is splitting the bill, but one person pays for all of it and is reimbursed by the others. In more formal settings office party the participants may require to see the supermarket bill to check that the money was spent as agreed. In Panama , the phrase mita [or miti] y mita using colloquial contractions of mitad y mitad, with the stress on the first syllable mi ; this is literally 'half and half', and refers to both "going Deutch" and to splitting the check equally.
In Guatemala , a sing-song phrase is used: Pisto is a stewed dish similar to ratatouille , and is used in this phrase as a stand-in for food in general. It is almost the same in Honduras , where the phrase is "Como dijo Cristo, cada quien con su pisto", 'As Christ said, everyone with their own stew. A Costa Rican system is known as ir con Cuyo, literally 'to go with Cuyo' Cuyo being supposedly a person; this is a stand-in name, like "John Doe" in English.
If one of the diners asks "Quien es Cuyo?