The "A" was added by someone in the administration at the University of Kansas. To play duck on a rock most effectively, Naismith soon found that a soft lobbing shot was far more effective than a straight hard throw, a thought that later proved essential for the invention of basketball. He played centre on the football team, and made himself some padding to protect his ears.
It was for personal use, not team use. Invention of Basketball Wikisource has original text related to this article: It used a peach basket attached to the wall. At Springfield YMCA, Naismith struggled with a rowdy class that was confined to indoor games throughout the harsh New England winter and thus was perpetually short-tempered.
Under orders from Dr. Gulick demanded that it would not take up much room, could help its track athletes to keep in shape  and explicitly emphasized to "make it fair for all players and not too rough. Secondly, he saw that most physical contact occurred while running with the ball, dribbling or hitting it, so he decided that passing was the only legal option. Finally, Naismith further reduced body contact by making the goal unguardable, namely placing it high above the player's heads.
To score goals, he forced the players to throw a soft lobbing shot that had proven effective in his old favorite game duck on a rock. Naismith christened this new game "Basket Ball"  and put his thoughts together in 13 basic rules. In a handwritten report, Naismith described the circumstances of the inaugural match; in contrast to modern basketball , the players played nine versus nine, handled a soccer ball, not a basketball, and instead of shooting at two hoops, the goals were a pair of peach baskets: Stubbins brot [ sic ] up the peach baskets to the gym I secured them on the inside of the railing of the gallery.
This was about 10 feet from the floor, one at each end of the gymnasium. I then put the 13 rules on the bulletin board just behind the instructor's platform, secured a soccer ball and awaited the arrival of the class The class did not show much enthusiasm but followed my lead Most of the fouls were called for running with the ball, though tackling the man with the ball was not uncommon. Since the ball could only be moved up the court via a pass early players tossed the ball over their heads as they ran up court.
Also following each "goal" a jump ball was taken in the middle of the court. Both practices are obsolete in the rules of modern basketball. I showed them two peach baskets I'd nailed up at each end of the gym, and I told them the idea was to throw the ball into the opposing team's peach basket. I blew a whistle, and the first game of basketball began. They ended up in a free-for-all in the middle of the gym floor.
That stopped tackling and slugging. We tried out the game with those [new] rules fouls , and we didn't have one casualty. Will has claimed that Dr. Naismith borrowed components for the game of basketball from Will to dispute Naismith's sole creation of the game, citing alleged photos and letters. James Naismith at the back, right Basketball games at Allen Fieldhouse take place on the James Naismith Court The University of Kansas men's basketball program officially began following Naismith's arrival in , which was six years after Naismith drafted the sport's first official rules.
Naismith was not initially hired to coach basketball, but rather as a chapel director and physical education instructor.
Under Naismith, the team played only one current Big 12 school: Naismith was, ironically, the only coach in the program's history to have a losing record 55— By the turn of the century, there were enough college teams in the East that the first intercollegiate competitions could be played out. As the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame reports, Naismith was also neither interested in self-promotion nor in the glory of competitive sports.
He took American citizenship in In , the National Association of Basketball Coaches created by Naismith's pupil Phog Allen collected money so that the year-old Naismith could witness the introduction of basketball into the official Olympic sports program of the Summer Olympic Games.
United States, for the gold medal, Canada, for the silver medal, and Mexico , for their bronze medal win. Including his years as coach, Naismith served as athletic director and faculty at the school for a total of almost 40 years. Naismith died in after he suffered a fatal brain hemorrhage.
The university also named the court in Allen Fieldhouse James Naismith Court in his honor, despite Naismith having the worst record in school history. Naismith Hall, a college residential dormitory, is located on the northeastern edge of 19th Street and Naismith Drive. He compiled a record of 55—60 and is ironically the only losing coach in Kansas history.