And if you bring home some fruit or vegetables and want to can, freeze, make jam, salsa or pickles, see this page for simple, reliable, illustrated canning, freezing or preserving directions. There are plenty of other related resources, click on the resources dropdown above.
If you have questions or feedback, please let me know! Primitive Canning Napolean is often credited with the invention of modern canning: Nicolas Appert suggested canning and the process was first proven in Until , canning jars used a glass jar, a tin flat lid, and sealing wax, which was not reusable and messy!
Mason, invented the mason jar. He invented a machine that could cut threads into lids, which made it practical to manufacture a jar with a reusable, screw-on, lid.
The rubber created the seal, and the threaded lid maintained it. The jar included his patent: Sadly, Mason sold off his rights to the jar to several different people and died a relatively poor man around These "Lightning jars" became popular because no metal which could rust, breaking the seal or contaminating the food contacted the food and the metal clamps made the lids themselves easier to seal and remove hence the "Lightning" name.
There were many similar glass lid and wire-clamp jars produced for home canning all the way into the s. Many can still be seen in garage sales, flea markets and on specialty food jars today. The difference is a raised lip to help keep the jar from cracking.
This was called the "Strong Shoulder" and was similar to the mason jar. The cracking was a common problem with shoulder seal jars. Hazel-Atlas Glass Company were in business from the late s until In , the Ball's changed from tin to glass containers and then, in , to glass fruit jars.
They moved their operations to Muncie, Indiana, after a fire at their Buffalo factory. Muncie where a supply of natural gas had been discovered was chosen because the city was offering free gas and land to rebuild the factory. The Balls began acquiring smaller companies, and mass producing and distributing jars across the country.
They quickly became the leaders in the industry. Kerr Jars Alexander H. The Economy jars were among the first wide-mouth jars, and thus, were easy to fill. They also incorporated aspects from two patents held by another inventor, Julius Landsberger: This made the lids easy to use and inexpensive.
Kerr later invented a smaller, flat metal disk with the same permanent composition gasket. The lid sealed on the top of a mason jar; a threaded metal ring held the lid down during the hot water processing. This allowed re-use of old canning jars together with inexpensive and easy to use disposable lids. The jar we know today was born! This two-part lid system transformed home canning safety and is still in use today.
Kerr also made the first wide-mouth jars, which Ball was quick to duplicate. Ball Corporation no longer sells home canning products. They also make Kerr, Bernardin and Golden Harvest canning jars. Alltrista's home canning product and more information on Ball jars, can be found on their website at homecanning.
And for easy, step-by-step illustrated canning directions, from applesauce to pickles to jams, click here!
If you are looking for Replacement parts rubber rings and wires for old Canning Jars, click here! See this jar if you are looking for canning jars! Dating Old Ball Canning Jars There are no dates of manufacture on canning jars, any dates on them refer to patents which are unrelated. This page on the Minnetrista website provides much more information and photos of the logos to help you.
Minnetrista, North Minnetrista Pkwy. They may be able to address questions you may have about old home canning jars but not home canning. Minnetrista's web site has some information about the Ball family there. They've begun to put their collection on-line and currently have about 1, records concerning the Ball family and Ball products on this page. You can find additional information about jar collecting from these sources: The Fruit Jar Works.
Volumes I and II. Reprint of original edition. Not a price guide. Box , North Muskegon, MI Also called Redbook 9. A page price guide. One Thousand Fruit Jars Paperback This book is probably the best selling jar and bottle book ever published. It shows an illustration of each embossing on the front of the jar. Each jar has such information as size, color, closure and value. Fruit Jars details the types of containers used for canning fruit, lists jars alphabetically with markings found on the jars and denotes embossing, color, shape, closure and base markings.
It also includes a listing of fruit jar manufacturers as well as a chronological listing of dated jars, line drawings, and makers' marks.
Warman's Bottles Field Guide: