Two of the United Kingdom's mainline railways serve the region: England's primary southwest to northeast Cross Country Route runs through Derby. A land speed record for trains was broken in the region. There are currently plans to bring a new high-speed rail line through the East Midlands as part of the High Speed 2 project.
Phase 2 of this project would see a new line connecting Birmingham to Leeds , with a proposed station in Toton known as the East Midlands Hub. Water[ edit ] The River Trent at the former High Marnham Power Station , next to the Fledborough Viaduct ; the power station, built in , was Europe's first MW coal power station 5 x MW and consumed coal from 17 collieries; the area is the largest collection of power stations in Europe, being known as Kilowatt Valley The Trent is a navigable river , and is used to transport goods to the Humber , as well as passing by many power stations.
The Trent is the only river in England to be able to support cooling water for power stations for most of its length; it has the largest water capacity in England, although it is not the longest. Several rivers in the region gave their name to early Rolls-Royce jet engines, namely the Nene , the Welland , and the Soar. Transport policy[ edit ] As part of the transport planning system, the now defunct Regional Assembly was under statutory requirement to produce a Regional Transport Strategy to provide long term planning for transport in the region.
This involved region wide transport schemes such as those carried out by the Highways Agency and Network Rail.
Derbyshire ,  Leicestershire. Romans[ edit ] A historical basis for such an area exists in the territory of the Corieltauvi tribe.
When the Romans took control of the region, they made Leicester one of their main forts then named Ratae Corieltauvorum. In around the region was subdivided between Danelaw Vikings to the north, and Mercia Saxons to the south. By , this border was moved further north to the River Humber. Evidence of the Danelaw can be seen in place-name endings of the region's villages, particularly towards the east. The Danes under Canute recaptured the area from around to Scientific heritage[ edit ] Isaac Newton , born in Grantham in is perhaps the most prolific scientist ever.
His accomplishments include Calculus , Newton's laws of motion , and Newton's law of universal gravitation among many other. There is a shopping centre named in his honour in Grantham. Thomas Simpson from Leicestershire is known for his Simpson's rule ; Roger Cotes invented the concept of the radian in , but the term was not named until Henry Cavendish , loosely connected with Derbyshire, discovered hydrogen in although the element's name came from Antoine Lavoisier , and Cavendish was the first to estimate an accurate mass of the Earth in in his Cavendish experiment.
The Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge is named after a relative. Herbert Spencer coined the term " survival of the fittest " in , which was once strongly linked with social Darwinism. Robert Bakewell , of Dishley in Leicestershire and known for his English Leicester sheep , invented selective breeding ; his English Longhorn were the first ever cattle bred for beef. George Boole , pioneer of Boolean logic upon which all digital electronics and computers depend , was born in Lincoln in The application of Boole's theory to digital circuit design would come in by Claude Shannon.
Boole's grandson, the physicist G. Taylor , made significant experimental contributions to quantum mechanics. The first practical demonstration of radar was near Daventry in Robert Robinson , of Chesterfield in Derbyshire, invented the circular symbol in for the pi bonds of the benzene ring, as found on all structural diagrams of aromatic compounds.
Nottinghamshire's Ken Richardson was in charge of the team at Pfizer in Sandwich, Kent that in discovered Fluconazole Diflucan , the world's leading antifungal medicine , especially useful for people with weakened immune systems , and has few side effects; he is now one of the few Britons in the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
Louis Essen , a physicist from Nottingham, made advances in the quartz clock in the s at the National Physical Laboratory in Teddington, to produce the quartz ring clock in , and the caesium clock, known as the atomic clock , in During the war he invented the cavity resonance wavemeter to find the first accurate value of the speed of light.
The atomic clock works on differences in magnetic spin. Before Essen's invention, the second was defined on the orbit of the Earth around the Sun ; he changed it in to be based on the hyperfine structure of the caesium atom. Steep Hill in Lincoln.